Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) - Clogging of Heart Arteries
- An electrocardiogram (ECG) is used to record the heart’s electrical activity. An ECG may be repeated over several hours.
- An exercise stress test, also called a cardiac stress test or treadmill test, involves monitoring your ECG and blood pressure while you walk on a treadmill.
- An echocardiogram uses sound waves to produce an image on a monitor and can also be used to perform a stress test.
- Nuclear ventriculography (MUGA or RNV) involves using a safe radioisotope injection to produce an image of the heart with special scanners. Electron-beam computed tomography (EBCT) evaluates how much calcium is in the plaque in the arteries.
- A coronary angiography uses a dye and X-rays to show an image of the heart.
Am I at Risk
Risk factors may increase your likelihood of developing CAD, although some people that develop the condition do not have any risk factors.
Risk factors for CAD:
_____ Family history of CAD
_____ Men over the age of 45 and women over the age of 55
_____ Cigarette smoking
_____ High blood sugar levels from diabetes
_____ High blood pressure
_____ High cholesterol
_____ People that are physically inactive
_____ Higher than normal inflammation markers found by blood testing