AnatomyYour intestines are protected, supported, and held in place by fat, tissues, and a thin muscle layer. Fat tissue and your skin cover the muscle layer.
An inguinal hernia is the most common type of hernia to require surgery. It occurs more frequently in men than in women. It may appear in the groin area or scrotum (in men).
A femoral hernia is the most frequently occurs in women. It is the most common type of hernia to become strangulated, a life-threatening complication when the blood supply is cut off. More information about strangulated hernias appears in the “Complications” section of this article. A femoral hernia appears in the upper thigh.
An incisional hernia develops in the abdominal wall at a place where a surgical incision did not heal properly. An incisional hernia may cause discomfort, but is rarely associated with serious complications.
Some people are born with an umbilical hernia. It results from a weakness in the abdominal wall surrounding the umbilicus, where the belly button is located. Umbilical hernias are more common in boys than girls and usually do not cause symptoms until adulthood.
Am I at Risk
Risk factors for developing a hernia include:
_____ People with a family history of hernias have an increased risk of developing a hernia.
_____ Being overweight increases the risk of a hernia.
_____ People with cystic fibrosis have an increased risk of developing a hernia.
_____ Men with undescended testicles or enlarged prostate have an increased risk for a hernia.
_____ Straining from chronic constipation can contribute to a hernia.
_____ Chronic coughing increases the risk of a hernia.